3 Must Know Facts About Visual Floaters!

so have you ever seen drifting spots,
cobwebs or shadows in your vision? we call those visual floaters and in this
video we’re covering the three things that everyone needs to know about this
common ocular condition so let’s take a look hey guys this is dr. Joseph Allen from
Doctor Eye Health bringing you the very best in tips and education about your
eyes and your vision and here on this channel we do a lot of different vision
product reviews as well as educational videos just like this one so if you new
here consider subscribing and at any point throughout the video make sure to
check out the links in show notes below we’ll include additional information and
anything else that we forget to mention today I also want to give a shout out to
my home base here the buffalo eye clinic where we’re shooting today
if you live in the community make sure to check us out if you haven’t already
we’re always happy to help now let’s go over visual floaters so visual floaters
are actually one of the more common complaints that an eye doctor hears
about every single day and if you’ve never experienced them they show up as
little spots just like gnats or bugs that seemed to drift or move out of our
vision as well as cobwebs that when you try to look at them they seem to always
drift and move out of your way so you can never quite catch up with them when
these are a new experience for somebody that can be pretty scary right anytime
our vision changes or if something like we’re getting spots in our vision it
kind of gives us that instinct fear that hey we might be going blind and even
with that being said people tend to ignore coming in to see the eye doctor
to get the professional opinion of what’s going on people just they just
don’t know about it and they tend to just think oh it’ll get
better on its own and then there are those same people that end up rushing
into the clinic on like on a Friday afternoon right as the clinic is closing
and I don’t want you to be one of those people I want you to realize what’s
going on so that you can get it treated and taken care of right away so let’s go
over my top three things you need to know about visual floaters number one is
that floaters are a normal part of Aging you see there’s this gel that sits
inside the eye we call it the vitreous humor and it
takes about 90% of the eyes volume keeps the eyes shape and acts almost like a
cushion for the eye in any sort of episode of trauma and this gel actually
degrades over time into more of a liquid when that happens the pieces of the
collagen of the gel that are left start to form little deposits and strands and
they sit inside that liquid and that’s what gives us
that floating appearance as it kind of drifts back and forth when light enters
the eye and hits those deposits it causes light to scatter giving us kind
of a shadow image onto the retina on the back of the eye and that’s exactly why
we see floaters the way that we do again floaters are a normal part of
Aging and if you hit around the age of 60 or higher you already have a 25%
chance of having these floaters and if you reach the age of 80 you’re at about
66 percent chance but it’s not just due to age there are some eye conditions
that predispose you to having these floaters earlier on such as being very
nearsighted like myself I’m very I’m fairly nearsighted I’m about a minus six
you can’t really tell today because I’m wearing contact lenses because I have
that higher prescription my eyes a little bit longer and with a really
longer eye that gel starts to degrade a little sooner so that means I’ve had
floaters for almost five years now and I really don’t notice them as much except
when I’m going outside and I look at a blue sky or if I’m looking at like a
white background like on a blank wall so I want you to realize that yes floaters
are generally a normal experience for everyone as we get older and even more
so for people who have a higher prescription so that brings us to the
second thing that everyone needs to know about floaters and that’s the risk of
what’s called a retinal tear or a retinal dattachment. you see that gel that’s
inside the eye has an outer layer that’s made of more collagen we call that the
vitreous cortex and it kind of acts like a shell but it’s attached to the retina
on the very back surface of the eye and as that gel starts to degrade and turn
more into a liquid it peels away from the back of the retina and occasionally
it can tug on the retina typically and the outer edges starting off and when
that happens it kind of acts like you’re pulling onto a poster off of the wall
and it can actually cause a little tear a complete hole or it can even rip off
the entire retina from the back of the eye completely and recall that a retinal
detachment and that is a true ocular emergency now sometimes there are no
warning sign of a retinal tear or detachment but
frequently people come in they start complaining that hey I have a sudden
onset of new floaters or you know there’s all these new little floaters
floating around in my visions blurry or even they say that there’s a bright
flash of light in their eye off to their side kind of like a camera flash or a
lightning bolt and that occurs because that’s kind of that peeling of the back
of the eye from the retina causes a physiological excitation of the retina
and our brain interprets that as a flash of light now if you’re experiencing any
of those signs and symptoms and you haven’t talked to your doctor already
you need to pause this video call your eye doctor make an appointment to be
seen because this can be the signs of that tear or detachment and the sooner
it gets identified and treated the better the outcome so don’t put it off
you only get two eyes take care of them additionally because of those same
peeling forces of the gel from the retina and the back of the eye there can
be some other complications particularly when it comes to what’s called the
macula the macula is the central part of our retina that gives us our
crystal-clear vision looking straight ahead so if that gel starts to peel away
from the macula it can tug on the macula and cause the development of what’s
called macular edema which are little cysts like developments within the
retina causing our vision to be blurry and once it peels away another serious
consequence is a development of a macular hole which is the same thing as
the kind of the retinal hole off to the sides from the jel except it happens in
the central macula so when you’re looking straight ahead you can no longer
see directly what you want to look at so it makes things very difficult for
people to read or drive or see clearly people may even become legally blind
from that condition again all of these different conditions that we mentioned
can be identified and treated better when it’s discovered earlier so don’t
hesitate to see your doctor if you’re having these symptoms get in now so the
third thing that everybody needs to know about floaters is the treatment options
available now I know I spent the a couple of minutes of this video
explaining the risks of a retinal tear or detachment or other conditions we’re
gonna bypass talking about those treatments for now we’ll revisit those
in another video but for floaters there’s generally three different
treatments one is of course not really much of a treatment but more of just
observation most people’s visual floaters are not serious enough to
require treatment yeah they can be a little bit of a note a little bit
annoying but over time those floaters Gentoo drift down due to gravity and out
of your field of view or your brain just learns to adapt and get used to it to
the point where a lot people say you know I don’t even notice the floaters
anymore other people though these floaters can be really large and they
can drift right in this front of the central part of your vision and it can
stop you from seeing the board correctly when we’re testing your eyes and it can
prevent you from doing just you know your daily life activities that you
enjoy even from things like driving or going to work can be difficult for some
people and those individuals are really good candidates for the other two
treatments that are out there number one is what’s called a vite trek
to me this is the oldest type of procedure that we have for correcting
floaters that’s where they surgically remove the gel from inside the eye
they suck it out while simultaneously putting a new fluid inside the eye to
keep the eyes shape and keep the eye pressure the same with that they remove
all the gel so all the floaters go with it the downside and the reason why many
doctors don’t recommend this procedure is because there’s a higher rate of
complications and so you’re only good candidate for that procedure if your
vision is significantly affected by those floaters the other option actually
came out pretty recently really what’s going on is that the development of a
new laser procedure where they can zap away the the floaters inside the eye
almost reminds me of like playing the old classic arcade asteroid game so it’s
developed in Wisconsin by a surgeon who had been testing this out on patients
and you know his success rate was incredibly high with a very low
complication rate with that being said it still may not be beneficial for
everybody because of the location of the floaters
maybe the severity other different eye diseases that you
might have but certainly different options you need to know about and
consider discussing those with your doctor so question of the day
do you have vitreous floaters or do you have an interesting story about how you
had floaters or maybe a retinal tear or detachment connect with us down below in
the comments section love to hear what you guys have to share alright guys
thanks so much for checking out our video here on dr. eye health I’m dr.
Joseph Allen bringing you the very best in tips and education about your eyes
and your vision if you want to check out more videos just like this one go ahead
and click the link over here to the side keep an eye on it we’ll talk to you soon

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